WTF: Playing with your keywords (Bibliography Part 2)

Bibliography Part 2: Playing with your keywords. A Google Scholar examples

Irawan, D., Andriyanti, Setiawan, I. and Debrian, R. (2014). Bibliography Part 2: Playing with your keywords. A Google Scholar examples. [online] My little online books. Available at: http://goo.gl/fYT7dW [Accessed {your access date}].

1. Intro

Dear friends,

We’ve talked about how overwhelming it is  to use un-planned keyword in your research. Tonnes of links with no idea on how to screen in it. Well that’s why we call it brainstorming (have a look at this here).

This post is related to the previous post:

  1. Bibliography Part 0: Why is it important (In Indonesia language)
  2. Bibliography Part 1: First search is always overwhelming

I tried out these keywords on Google Scholar and captured the results as see in the following images:

  1. geothermal west java
  2. geothermal (AND) west java
  3. geothermal (IN TITLE) west java

2. geothermal west java

Use the above keywords if you want to see the broad image of the subject geothermal (AND/OR) west java. Google Scholar (Gscholar) will look for any entries with the both words online. So you would see all materials with both words or individual word anywhere in the text (see Figure ref{Figure 1}):

  • could be in the title,
  • could be in the abstract,
  • or it could be in the body text
Fig 1: Keyword groundwater west java
Fig 1: Keyword groundwater west java

3. geothermal (AND) west java

Use these keywords with (AND) operator to command Gscholar to only look for materials with both words anywhere in each entries. You can see a total of 5940 results. Kind of give you a major headache doesn’t it. But the first 5 to 10 result pages will show only you materials with both keywords, and then you can see that the later pages show only one of the keyword (see Figure ref{Figure 2}).

Fig 2: Keyword groundwater (AND) west java
Fig 2: Keyword groundwater (AND) west java

So there you go, your first screened Gscholar results.

4. geothermal (IN TITLE) west java

Use these keywords with (IN TITLE) operator to command Gscholar to only look for materials with both words in the title on each entry (see see Figure ref{Figure 3}).

Fig 3: Keyword groundwater (IN TITLE) west java
Fig 3: Keyword groundwater (IN TITLE) west java

I recommend to use this operator for initial search to increase the chance of getting what you need.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s